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Author Topic: What are the definitions of helix, stem, step etc in DSSR?  (Read 4098 times)

Offline kailsen

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What are the definitions of helix, stem, step etc in DSSR?
« on: March 10, 2013, 01:07:27 am »
Hi Lu,
 I have downloaded the DSSR program and above to use it. I will be using to find. pseudo helices. I want to know. what is consideres as an helice? a stem? a step? step has two basepairs. at what level it will be pushed to be called as stem. i see that in ur sample output, the acceptor arm fully will be called helices. am i correct?.

Offline xiangjun

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Re: What are the definitions of helix, stem, step etc in DSSR?
« Reply #1 on: March 10, 2013, 10:44:05 am »
Thanks for downloading the beta testing version of DSSR. I am working on a manuscript, and more details will be made available in due course. In the meantime, here is a short answer to your questions:

  • DSSR defines a helix from purely a base stacking perspective, regardless of base-pair type or backbone connection. So the tRNA example (1ehz) has two helices, corresponding to the two arms of the stereotypical L-shaped tertiary structure.
  • The stem are further restricted by canonical base pairs (Watson-Crick and G-U wobble), and backbone connections (each strand treated separately). So the same tRNA (1ehz) has four stems, corresponding to the famous tRNA cloverleaf secondary structure.
  • The shortest helix or stem is composed of two base pairs. DSSR does not define a separate class of 'step'.
  • As you may have observed in the two example output files, DSSR does treat lone (isolated) Watsoc-Crick (or G-U wobble) base pair separately.

The default settings currently adopted in DSSR are based on my understanding of the conventions in the RNA structural world. I'd like to hear what users have to say and will make refinements accordingly. More functionality will be added the DSSR; with the current beta release, I've just kicked the ball rolling. Based on experience of supporting 3DNA and using other bioinformatics tools, I've created DSSR from the ground up to be trivial to set up and easy to use. Just play with it, and report back any issues you have.

HTH,

Xiang-Jun
« Last Edit: March 10, 2013, 01:33:23 pm by xiangjun »
Dr. Xiang-Jun Lu [律祥俊]
Email: xiangjun@x3dna.org
Homepage: http://x3dna.org/
Forum: http://forum.x3dna.org/

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Created and maintained by Dr. Xiang-Jun Lu [律祥俊], Principal Investigator of the NIH grant R01GM096889
Dr. Lu is currently affiliated with the Bussemaker Laboratory at the Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University.